Medications to treating arthritis will vary depending on the type of arthritis the person is suffering and the seriousness of condition. While some patients are suggested to try different treatments or combinations of several treatment to determine what works best for him. These medications include:
- Analgesics to reduce the pain but does not have any effect on the inflammation.
- Corticosteroids to suppress the person’s immune system and reduce the inflammation at the same time.
- Counterirritants – available ion ointments or creams which used capsaicin as ingredient that will interfere the transmission of your pain signals from the joint itself.
- Nonsteroidal anti inflammatory medications which can be purchased over the counter to reduce both inflammation and pain.
A physician may recommend surgery when the above conservative measures don’t ease the inflammation or discomfort. There are various form of surgery in order to restore joint functions and mobility. When arthritic inflammation and pain becomes unbearable to patient, a surgical replacement may be needed. Joint replacement is a medical procedure of removing the damaged joint and replacing it with artificial. Nowadays, joint replacement is commonly performed by doctors in knees and hips which are commonly replaced by plastic or stainless steel. In many cases this method is also performed in smaller joints such as fingers and elbows. Joint fusion is another medical procedure which is often executed in smaller joints like ankle and wrist. The physician will remove the ends of your two affected bones in the joint then lock these ends together until they heal and become one rigid unit.
Physical therapy and protecting your joints are significant parts of your treatment. These involve routine exercises to help strengthen your muscles around the affected area. In some cases, people may seek help from an occupational therapist to learn easy ways of performing their normal activities. An occupational therapist will help use grab bars in your bath, use strongest muscles and joints while protecting certain joints. He will also teach you use devices to help you carry on with your everyday tasks and generally avoid positions which may strain your joints.
Aside from those physical therapies mentioned above, there are psychotherapeutic methods available to manage your arthritic pain. The cognitive behavioral therapy which was founded by the National Institutes of Health or NIH is using behavior medications and education to improve the person’s psychological and emotional well-being. The person learns to carry on daily activities at realistic pace. psychotherapeutic methods are highly effective and recommended to people who are coping from anxiety and mental stress usually caused by physical limitations they have experiencing due to rheumatoid arthritis. The strategy focuses on the combination of various techniques such as relaxation, creative problem-solving and scheduling.
Lossing weight and maintaining a healthy lifestyle can generally reduce the symptoms of arthritis. Moreover, it can significantly reduce the risk of potential development for osteoarthritis. A routine exercise is highly recommended while using some assistive devices. Heat and ice packs are home remedies you can use to help relieve the pain.